SYLLABUS FOR SOLDIER TECHNICAL
(TO BE ATTEMPTED IN HINDI & ENGLISH ONLY)
(MAX MARKS 100)
Soldier Technical paper will be of one hour duration of 100 Marks comprising of the following subjects :-
(a) Physics - 30%
(b) Chemistry - 20%
(c) Mathematics - 30%
(d) General Knowledge - 20%
Motion, Force and Energy
Matter - Physical measurements, scalar and vector quantities, simple machines, structure of matter.
Motion - Motion and displacement, uniform and non-uniform motion, speed and velocity, acceleration, equations of motion derivation and simple numerical.
Force - Meaning of force, inertia of a body, Newton laws of motion, momentum, relationship between forces, acceleration and mass of an object simple numericals based on these.
Gravitation - Newton`s law of gravitation, free fall and acceleration due to gravity, simple pendulum and restoring force, relationship between length and time period.
Work and Energy - Energy, mechanical energy-potential and kinetic, their formulae, concept of work, work done by a constant force, relation between work and energy, simple numericals on work and energy.
Light. Reflection, laws of reflection, refraction, laws of refraction, refraction through prisms, lenses and optical instruments, simple and compound microscope.
Heat - Heat as a form of energy, mechanical work and heat, heat and temperature, measurement of temperature, idea of Celsius and Fahrenheit scales and their conversion, specific heat, simple numerical based on it. Idea of conversion of heat into work and vice-versa, meaning of mechanical equivalent of heat its determination by Joule`s experiment external and internal combustion engine.
Electricity. A source of energy, conductors and resistors, measurement of current, potential difference and resistance-Ohm`s law simple numericals based on it, heating effect of current, quantitative relationship between heat, electric current, resistance of common electrical appliances based on heating effect, measurement of electrical energy its unit, electrical power, simple numericals.
Magnetism. Type of magnet, properties of magnet, magnetic field, electromagnet and their applications, DC & AC motors. Fleming`s left hand rule.
Sound. Sound and its property, propagation of sound, velocity, resonance, wave motion and applications.
Wave Motion. Nature of a wave, propagation of a wave through a medium, types of waves-longitudinal and transverse, periodic motion, idea of simple harmonic motion (graphical treatment). Definitions of displacement amplitude, frequency, time period, wave length and their units, relationship between wavelength, frequency and velocity of a wave, simple numericals, energy transferred during propagation of waves.
Domestic electric circuit. Elementary ideas about wiring, fuse, possible hazards and safety measures.
Sun as a source of energy. Absorption of solar energy by the earth, photosynthesis, solar heaters, solar cells, wind energy-wind mills, electricity from sea waves.
Fuels. Bio mass as a fuel biogas, fossil fuels coal, types of coal, petroleum fractional distillation of petroleum, LPG, natural gas, classification of fuels solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, characteristics of fuel- calorific value of fuels and its determination, ignition temperature, combustion of fuels, combustion of food in living organisms, characteristics of an ideal fuel.
Heat engines. Idea of conversion of heat into work and vice-versa, meaning of mechanical equivalent of heat-its determination by Joule`s experiment (simple numericals based on work and energy conversion). External combustion engine (basic idea), working of internal combustion engines.
Nuclear energy. Sources of the Sun`s energy, composition of sunlight, basic idea of atomic nucleus, nuclear fusion, nuclear fission, chain reaction energy released during fission, examples of uncontrolled fission and fusion simple idea of nuclar reactor and atomic power plant. Radiation hazards, energy crisis causes and possible solution for overcoming it.
Matter Nature and Behaviour
Nature and Behaviour. Different types of substances, elements compounds and their mixtures. Structure of matter. Atomic theory, molecules and atoms, Structure of matter. Atomic theory, molecules and atoms, structure of atom electrons, protons and neutrons, Composition of nucleus atomic number and mass number, valency electrons and valency.
Preparation and properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbondi-Oxide.
Oxidation and reduction, Acid, bases and salts.
Electrochemical cell - Construction of a simple voltaic cell, working of an electrochemical cell, lead storage battery and dry cell.
Classification of elements. Similarities and dissimilarities in the properties of some elements. Periodic law, periods and groups, gradation of properties of elements along a period and in the groups.
Carbon and its compounds. Introduction, allotropies of carbon and their occurrence, structure, related property and uses. Hydrocarbon and their elementary structure, related property and uses, simple compounds of carbon hydrogen and oxygen and their uses. Petroleum products, introductory account of synthetic fibres, plastics, rubber, soaps and detergents.
Extraction of metals. Metals and non metals, occurrence, general metallurgical operations for extraction of pure metal, properties of metals and some alloys, uses of metals and non metals, their compounds.
Chemical bond. Formation of ionic and covalent bonds, important properties of electrovalent and covalent compounds.
Electrolysis. Movement of ions during electrolysis, relationship between current time and amount of metal deposited during electrolysis, electroplating.
Water. Water as a natural resource, origin of life in water, as medium for the activity of the living, water as solvent, saturated and unsaturated solution, sea water as habitat of organism, salts from oceans, ocean current, use of water. Dependence of man on natural resources-mineral from earth metals and non metals, use of non-metals.
Air. Role of atmosphere in protection from radiation, composition of atmosphere, water and particulate matter in atmosphere, carbon dioxide and its adverse effect on living organisms, role of trees, release of carbon dioxide from fossil fuels and automobiles, corrosion of metals, damage of historical monuments from acidic gases, toxic effects of metallic particles, asbestos etc on living organisms, carbon monoxide and its ill effects, smog, air pollution, noise pollution and its effects on human beings.
Natural numbers, integers, fractions, rational/irrational numbers, decimal fractions, HCF & LCM, square root, ratio and proportion, percentages, averages, profit & loss, simple and compound interest.
Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division of algebraic expressions, HCG & LCM, factorization, simple equations, surds, indices, logarithmic, Solution of linear equations of two and three variables. Ratio and proportion, meaning and standard form, roots and discriminant of a quadratic equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0
Area of Volume
Area of four walls of a room, area of a circle, sector and segment of a circle, surface area and volume of cube, cuboid, cone, cylinder, sphere.
Trignometric ratios of an angle A of a right angle triangle. Simple applications of trignometric ratios for solving problems of different types. Simple identities based upon the above.
Height and Distances
Solution of simple problems of height and distance using trignometrical table and logarithmic tables.
Lines and Angles.
Different characteristics of lines and angles, parallel and perpendicular lines, intersecting lines, sum of angles and triangles, interior and exterior angles.
Triangles properties, equality, congruency and similarity with respect to sides and angles.
Parallelogram - types and properties
Circles Properties, arc, chords, tangents, sectants and angles subtended by arcs.
Histograms with given intervals, classification of data, frequency, frequency polygons, ogives, mean, median and mode of grouped and ungrouped data, problems related to statistical techniques.
Introduction to computers : Role and use of computers in modern society, hardwared and softwared aspects of computers. Knowledge of applications and languages. Flow chart and solutions of problems through problem algorithm.
Abbreviations - National and International
Sports - National and International
Awards & Prizes - National awards, Gallantary awards, Nobel
History. Important dates & battles in Indian and world History and Land marks of Indian History, national movement.
Geography. Solar System, Space exploration, The Earth, Principal Peaks, Deserts, Rivers, Lakes and Famous Waterfalls, Geographical Tallest, Biggest and Longest etc.
Terminology. Geographical terms, Economic terms, Astronomical terms, Legal terms and Misc terms.
Indian Armed Forces.
Indian Towns, States and UTs.
Institutions and research stations, International space Stations and Festivals of Indian and World.
Indian News Agencies and Dailies.
Continents and Sub continents.
Inventions and Discoveries.
The Constitution of India.
Religious Communities and Principal Languages.
National and International Days.
Books and Authors.
The world of Plants and animals.
Current Affairs and Who`s Who.
Note : The above syllabus is not a comprehensive list of topics pertaining to the subject, At times question may be asked other than the above topic but definitely within the syllabus of CBSE/ 10+2/ PUC.
SAMPLE PAPER- PART 2